Employers have a duty to accommodate an employee’s creed to the point of undue hardship, including by providing time off for religious holidays.
Under the Ontario Human Rights Code, discrimination because of creed is against the law. Everyone should have access to the same opportunities and benefits, and be treated with equal dignity and respect, regardless of their creed.
The Code does not define creed, but the courts and tribunals have often referred to religious beliefs and practices. Creed may also include non-religious belief systems that, like religion, substantially influence a person’s identity, worldview and way of life. People who follow a creed, and people who do not, have the right to live in a society that respects pluralism and human rights and the right to follow different creeds.
The Commission intervened in Sarnia (City) v. River City Vineyard, an appeal heard by the Court of Appeal for Ontario in October 2014.
December 10, 2015 - Speaking Notes: Chief Commissioner Renu Mandhane (check against delivery). "Thank you for joining us today as we launch a brand new version of our Policy on preventing discrimination based on creed."
December 26, 2015 - Speaking Notes: Chief Commissioner Renu Mandhane (check against delivery). "As salaam un alaikum. May peace be upon you. It is an honour to be here tonight to talk about how human rights commissions can help address racism and Islamophobia where you live, work, study, and access services."
December 1, 2015 - Speaking Notes: Chief Commissioner Renu Mandhane (check against delivery). "Thank you for inviting me here to share in your 10th anniversary celebrations. I look around the room and see many friends and allies, and many people who represent the success stories of Ontario’s South Asian community."
The OHRC sought leave to intervene in an appeal of the Federal Court’s decision to strike down a policy banning citizenship candidates from wearing face coverings during the citizenship oath.
What is racial profiling?
Racial profiling is a specific type of racial discrimination that pertains to safety and security. The OHRC currently defines racial profiling as:
[A]ny action undertaken for reasons of safety, security or public protection that relies on stereotypes about race, colour, ethnicity, ancestry, religion, or place of origin rather than on reasonable suspicion, to single out an individual for greater scrutiny or different treatment.