A scholarship or award is an advantage or benefit to persons seeking employment or access to further education and training. For this reason, scholarships and other academic awards result in a benefit to some students, while excluding others who may be historically disadvantaged. Therefore, scholarships that restrict eligibility on the basis of prohibited grounds in the Code are not permissible unless the award:
- qualifies as a special program pursuant to subsection 14(1); or
- is restricted to Canadian citizens or permanent residents if the scholarship is for the purpose of fostering and developing participating in educational or other activities set out in subsection 16(2) of the Code, or
- is awarded by a religious, philanthropic, educational, fraternal or social institution or organization, to a member (section 18); or
- is an employment benefit to employees and their families (section 24(1)(d)).